Ten Frames (five and twenty frames too)
5/10/20 Frames Ten frames provide a reference to the anchors of 5 and 10. Since our number system and understanding of place value are dependent on groupings of 10, these tools provide a key underpinning for place value work. They also provide support for many addition fact strategies, such as Bonds of Ten and Make Ten (bridging). The various materials below can form an important part of oral / mental math time in the early grades. Math mats help students organize materials in a mathematically meaningful way. 'What is a Ten Frame' is a great article to share with new educators and paras. Many Ways to Fill a ten-frame discusses the 2 options for 'filling a ten frame' and the rationale behind each method. Here is document that describes many games and activities to use with ten frames. Pinterest has a great 10 Frame Topic Board too. This link has many downloads on ten frames and subitizing.